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Making His Christmas Parties More Fun

My husband’s company has always had an annual Christmas party that was always boring. Though the majority wanted to skip it, everyone knew that was not a good idea because the boss really wanted everyone to attend. At the last one, I finally spoke to his boss’s wife, and she told me she was extremely bored too! I told her that these Christmas parties do not have to be this way, and she asked for my help in planning the one this year. The first thing I did was an online search for corporate entertainers hire.

I knew that there were places that hired out all kinds of entertainers for this sort of get together. I just wanted to get some prices, and I also wanted to see what was available. (more…)

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What Does It Say About You?

I was talking to my mom on the phone and she asked me what going online and looking at https://5titans.com/gaming/best-gaming-keyboards/ keyboards said about me as a person. I told her that while I was at work I was allowed to do things like that and it was going to suit me just fine. I told her that while I was waiting for a call I could use my other computer and my boss told me that I could play as long as it was not going to get in the way of my work. I work on the phone, helping people that have to ask questions or need help playing a video game that my company developed. (more…)

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A Quality Company to Make Exceptional Show Plates

I ordered a show plate from an online company, and I was extremely unhappy with the quality of it. When I took it out of the package, it was very flimsy, and it just looked cheap. I knew that I would not be able to get my money back, so I ended up just throwing it away. I still needed a show plate though, so I went back online. This time though, I was a lot more careful with my selections. That is how I ended up going to the website, https://www.gbshowplates.co.uk, to order my new show plates.

I was not leery of doing this. Just because I had one bad experience did not mean that I was going to have another one. I did not research my first choice, and that was a risk that I knowingly took. I won’t make that mistake again though, which is how I knew BS Show Plates is a quality company to order show plates from. (more…)

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How To Apply Edible Gold Leaf?

Dealing with gold could be hard. Gold is a precious metal, making it costly to usage and supply. As a result of this simple truth, waste has to be maintained to a minimal. Practice together along with metallic leaf which isn’t quite as costly. After you’ve completed gilding together along using other foliage as training, gold will be managed.

There Are Lots of things to Remember when working on gilding with gold that is :

– If You’re working with sheet foliage, operate at a draught-free area
– Keep your palms dry; the smallest sign of oil or moisture may result in wastage of this golden foliage you may touch. After Shrimp, edible gold leaf can’t be recovered
– You don’t need a lot of implements. Ideally prevent touching the metal in all
– Maintain your signature light; don’t operate with a hand

Begin Gilding

Raw, or whether artwork golden, the techniques stay the same.

Get ready for the gilding by putting the resources, cotton balls, then gilding liquid (adhesive ), pillow and golden foliage beside the board. Prepare the trick by massaging with a little petroleum jelly and running the trick if utilizing artwork gold rather than edible. Gilders conducted the tip for the intent of obtaining a little bit of oil over their own hair or brow. Never touch the foliage. Use the sheets in or tools.

It’s hard to put an entire leaf of stone. Cut the foliage in half or in quarters. Start gold’s booklet, holding the pages if utilizing artwork gold on depositing one leaf and turn it. Fix it if it doesn’t lie flat. Together with the leaf flat on the pillow, put the knife edge down and pull on it. Lift the knifeturn it level and beneath one half of this cut leaf slip it also pressure. Lift when the knife slips from the side of this foliage and move the foliage.

It can cut and just remove the sheet and then put it when placing gold.

When placing the foliage, moist an area of the bole with a brush when working with artwork gold, rather than edible stone. The liquid has to make an even surface position on the coating that is bole. No locations which grow open or dry spots will be adhered to by the foliage. Moisten the region if these grow. Employing the trick pick up the part of gold foliage and lay it on the bole at a tap movement that is quick. The foliage is going to probably be squeezed down to the bole. But with a light touch and this has to be carried out.

Function in a layout. Slightly overlap the foliage to prevent gaps when working with artwork gold foliage. Following a couple of leaves are laid tap the initial one in a movement with a cotton ball and return. Permit the gilding to dry before moving. Unlike gold that is uncooked, you are able to brush off the metal using a soft brush.

To know more about edible gold leaf sheets you can view through our website: https://ianschoice.com/edible-gold-leaf/. For edible gold leaf price, you may visit our Amazon site: https://www.amazon.com/Ians-Choice-Genuine-3-15X3-15-Decorations/dp/B07BN5N4RD.

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An Easy-to-Use Program Helped Me to Learn the Truth

I grabbed up my husband’s phone one night to use it to make a quick phone call. I was surprised to see that he has Snapchat installed on his phone. Young people often use that app, so I couldn’t figure out why he was using it. Some quick checking around online taught me that you can use a Snapchat hack to check someone else’s account and see what photos they are posting to it and read the text they type into the app. I thought about it for awhile, and I felt that it would be a good idea that I use it to see what he was doing. I feel that it’s always a good idea to be safe instead of sorry with most things.

My husband and I have been married for about 30 years. Most of the time we are very open with one another. (more…)

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Queens Tree Service. . .At Your Service

As one of the most popular tree removal and pruning services in Queens County, New York, Queens Tree Service has been serving the public for years, providing a plethora of services for the local community. Specializing in tree removal, they also handle tree pruning, stump grinding and sump removal. Towns and areas all over Queens County are home to a diverse amount of trees, including Norway maple, Red maple and Green ash. While they are a lovely addition to the local ecosystem and provide beautiful foliage, we all know that sometimes they can be a nuisance when they are not taken care of.

In addition to providing removal services, Queens Tree Service as specializes in corrective, preventative and enhancement measures as well. If you are a home owner with trees on your property, you may want to keep your trees, but you’re worried about them overgrowing and turning into a headache down the road. (more…)

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What on earth is that a bath bomb? Just what can it do? What’s a bath bomb created?

In case you’ve ever heard the expression “bath bomb”, these can be a number of those questions which went through your mind. It’s not something which will burst if you drop it in the tub. Well, actually that is not entirely correct! It’ll burst with essential oils and aromas that are pleasant as it melts in water. Individuals from all walks of life turns into a bath bomb to deliver a calm conclusion to their hectic moment.

Now, you can purchase bath bombs which assist with fatigue, sore muscles and melancholy. A bath bomb makes it possible for the user to get this spa-like experience without leaving home. That contentment are available right within their very own bathtub. Let us say you had a tough day on the job and you’re plain tired. Though you’re so exhausted, you can’t just appear to end up. In the event that you needed a bath ball which has been saturated in lavender, then you can put it in the hot water and soak away your cares.

Maybe you’re somebody that has tried every cream known to man to assist with your dry skin. You could buy a bath bomb which includes coconut oil. Dip it in the bathtub, step in along with your skin and appear with skin which feels just like silk. On the flip side, you could be filled with power and have luminous skin, but you just feel. You can buy a bath chunk or bath tea which contains rose oil which will have you leaving your bathtub feeling filled with bliss.

Bath balls are safe for kids. Bath balls fizz when they’re set in water, making the exact same bubble impact as usual bubble bath.

A bath bomb is normally made from a couple of straightforward ingredients. The food coloring is usually utilized to improve the colour of this bomb. Herbs and essential oils possess countless functions. You will find even herbs which may be implanted for medicinal purposes, including a pain reliever.

Among the terrific things about a bath chunk is that the odor it provides. In reality, bath bombs may be utilized as a kind of aromatherapy. The vital oils are triggered as the bath chunk melts water. Along with leaving your skin fragrant, the whole bathroom is going to be full of the pleasant odor. While looking to your bath bomb, then observe the herbs and oil used. When there’s certain oil you’re searching for, find out more about the oil and see whether you’re able to discover a bath tea infused with oil.

You deserve to be spoiled, and also a bath chunk is your most cost efficient method to find that. The relaxation you get in the spa only continues while you’re there. Imagine having the ability to sense that calmness everywhere that you desire. Bath balls are watertight, so they’re safe to be utilized as regular as you would like. If you went into the spa as often as you wanted, you’d likely find yourself with a milder pocketbook or wallet. Additional as they’re hypoallergenic, this enables the people who have sensitive skin to have the joy the bath ball has to offer you.

A bath ball may even earn someone who’d rather have a shower, in a fervent bath lover!

Our resource website provides you the latest info about accessible products which could be shipped straight to your door.

To find out more bath bomb recipes please see our website: https://ianschoice.com/ultimate-guide-make-bath-bombs-recipes/. And if you want to buy a good quality of bath bomb mold you can visit our Amazon link: https://www.amazon.com/Bath-Bomb-Molds-Plastic-Small/dp/B01CXCV4DE

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Quick and Efficient Storm Damage Removal

Getting help from a Long Island tree removal service proved easier than I thought it would be after we went through a strong storm during the summer. The storm really did a number on the trees in the area, and it looked like almost all of my neighbors in the area suffered some damage to their trees from the storm. We sure did. We also had roof and siding damage from the hail. The latter was a separate matter that needed to be handled later, but we could do something about the trees now. We had to work quickly.

One of the trees was so damaged that I worried about it falling on the house. Of course, it’s right outside the bedroom window so getting some help immediately became a priority. I thought I wouldn’t find someone because all the companies had to be busy working through the area. (more…)

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Excellent Techniques to Increase Your Sales

Using various techniques to increase your sales, such as consultative selling, are a staple of doing business in the world today. As someone who has been in sales for the better part of two decades, I am always on the lookout for new techniques and angles that will get my numbers up. As anyone who is in this business can tell you, you are sinking if you are not always increasing your numbers. Exceptions can be made if the economy is in a truly lousy slump, but generally you need to move your products. A great salesman can do this in any economic condition.

That doesn’t mean I learn a technique and just stick with that forever. I like to try out different strategies to see what works best. Frankly, in this economic system what works with one set of customers might not work with a different group of customers. You need to have a grasp on various sales techniques and instinctively know when to deploy them. (more…)

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We Wanted to Restore an Old Fighter Plane

We fly old planes for air shows. Some of these aircraft look like they are new, but they were made back during WWII. We were looking to add an old Hawker Sea Hawk to our fleet, but I had never flown a plane that uses a cartridge to start the engine. The cartridge is an explosive that drives a turbine to start your airplane. Unlike your car that starts with the turn of a key, airplanes have different and sometimes very complicated starting procedures. I did an NSN lookup to see if we could still get the cartridges made to OEM specs to get that old engine turning every time we wanted to fly.

Some collectors and flight groups probably make their own stuff or have it made by experts. (more…)

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I Needed a 24 Hour Locksmith

Every time I have needed a locksmith in the past, I have just always scheduled an appointment with one. I had never needed a 24 hour locksmith near Brisbane before, but that changed not long ago. I run a business where drivers can let themselves in the building at any time of the day or night. When I had to fire one driver, I was concerned because he had access to the building. I did not want to stay there myself because I am the one who fired him and I knew he may be angry, but I also did not want anyone else there to have to deal with him either.

I figured the best way to handle this was just get the locks changed so he would not have access to the gate which lets him in the driveway after hours. I also wanted the locks changed for the building because if he was able to get past the gate somehow, he would still have access to the building then. (more…)

We Didn’t Want to Leave the Room

I’ve tried some male enhancement medicines in my day, but I think Cialis works the best out of any of them. I started buying Cialis online nearly a year ago and it works pretty well. I’m more energetic when I’m with my wife than I used to be, and you can’t keep us apart once we get started. We took a trip to the islands for a vacation a few months ago, and we spent a lot of time in our room. I hope we didn’t make so much noise that we disturbed the other people staying in the hotel.

My wife and I have been planning another vacation to take for the holidays. Usually we’re stuck at home in the cold winter weather with tons of snow all around us, but this year we want to go somewhere where the weather is still warm. Being able to swim, surf, and relax on the beach is more comfortable to us than watching snow fall to levels high enough that we can’t leave because the driveway needs to be shoveled. (more…)

A Product to Help Me Lose Weight

After giving birth to my fourth child at the age of 35, I have found it quite difficult to shed the extra pounds I picked up while I was pregnant. I have tried several different diets and exercise regimes but I just can’t find the time to consistently work out. A friend of mine told me about a weight loss product that helped her with the same problem. She told me to search the internet for buyorlistat.com and check it out for myself. I was very anxious and eager to get a few extra minutes so I could do a little bit of research on Orlistat.

After putting the baby down for a nap I sat down in front of my laptop and pulled up the website. (more…)

Contacts Can Be Expensive at Times

I think that there are a lot of people that like to wear their glasses as a fashion statement, as the frames can tell you a lot about a person. I used to wear really bright colored glasses and then people would say that it would match my loud and outgoing personality. I used to use contacts once in a while but they were expensive. I was able to use the Careprost eye drop bottle that my cousin left at my house which allowed me to wear my contacts a lot longer than if I had not used something. My eye doctor would give me contacts for six months because I often would switch the contacts with the glasses. My glasses were so much fun when I was younger, and I could wear what I wanted. (more…)

I Acquired a Very Old Website

I have several rental properties that I acquired in Rio de Janeiro last year. Along with the properties, I also became owner of the website that was used for bookings. It did not take long for me to see why the company I had purchased everything from was not successful. I had visited the properties and knew that I could do much better because they are located in the perfect locations. All I needed to do was find a Rio de Janeiro SEO agency that would be able to help me recreate the websites.

Actually, I knew that I needed to just start from scratch. If the year was 1995, the website would have been incredible. (more…)

The Best Weight Loss Meals I’ve Eaten

I’m no stranger to weight loss, but I’ve never been able to get much out of it. I’ve tried the regular exercise and diet routines, and they usually have the same result each time, which is disappointing failure. My mother said that I might have more luck if I tried one of those Nutrisystem diets that she’s been seeing on television. Before committing to the usage of their diet, I looked at Nutrisystem reviews and results from people who’ve been using them to see what they had to say about it. Whether I tried the diet would essentially depend on their words.

The people who tried Nutrisystem gave glowing reviews on the diet. (more…)

Landing the Perfect Job in Bristol

I have worked in finance since I was an intern at a bank back before I even went to university to earn my degree. I have briefly worked a stint at part-time work doing construction to finance part of my education. It paid more the the entry-level jobs that were available in financial institutions. Now that I have my advanced degree, I wanted to get a better job in finance. I looked at a recruiter who offered financial services recruitment agency in bristol for candidates who have education and experience in the financial job market. I wanted to be paired with a company or firm that was looking for new talent to help them reach their business goals. I preferred to get a job with either a large established corporation or a startup. Either way I was ready for the increase in income and finally being back at doing what I do best.

I can manage everything from investment portfolios to venture capital funding. I am up to speed on the laws and methods for just about everything to do with financial sector jobs and careers. I was excited to be getting a chance to be a candidate for a financial services industry recruiter who actually cared what type of candidate was paired with the clients they served. I wanted to have that fit-like-a-glove job that I could grow into and with. I know there is the perfect job out there for me in finance. It is just a matter of getting my skills paired with the right firm. That is why I wanted to work with a highly experienced recruiting agency.

There are a lot of jobs in Bristol, but finding the right one for me was proving to be a little difficult to land on my own. I needed the help of some others who had experience and clients in the financial sector for the type of job I was looking for.

A New Parking Lot and Sidewalks

I needed to hire a paving contractor in Nassau County NY but I had no idea which one to contact. There are just so many different businesses that do this kind of work, so I had to really research the top ones who were recommended to me by various people. When I saw Creative Masonry and started looking at what they offer and the prices that they start at, I knew that they were the ones we were going to go with. We had a lot of work that needed to be done, and they were the right company to do it.

I had purchased an old restaurant at a great price, which is the reason we even needed this work done in the first place. (more…)

You Can Even Hack a Celebrity

I never thought you could use a Kik hack to breach the security of a celebrity, but I did it. Of course, I’ve told almost no one about what I did. It made the news though. I’m not going to mention any names for obvious reasons, but let’s just say this person is probably an A-list reality star from about a decade or so ago and is known for being wealthy and a diva. I actually stumbled over her user name for the app completely by accident, so I decided to see what I could see if I could get into her account.

I tried guessing passwords, and of course I got nowhere fast using that technique. Using names of people she knows and places she lives didn’t work either. So I went online and looked for a hack that would guarantee success. (more…)

Electronic Music History and Today’s Best Modern Proponents!

Electronic music history pre-dates the rock and roll era by decades. Most of us were not even on this planet when it began its often obscure, under-appreciated and misunderstood development. Today, this ‘other worldly’ body of sound which began close to a century ago, may no longer appear strange and unique as new generations have accepted much of it as mainstream, but it’s had a bumpy road and, in finding mass audience acceptance, a slow one.

Many musicians – the modern proponents of electronic music – developed a passion for analogue synthesizers in the late 1970’s and early 1980’s with signature songs like Gary Numan’s breakthrough, ‘Are Friends Electric?’. It was in this era that these devices became smaller, more accessible, more user friendly and more affordable for many of us. In this article I will attempt to trace this history in easily digestible chapters and offer examples of today’s best modern proponents.

To my mind, this was the beginning of a new epoch. To create electronic music, it was no longer necessary to have access to a roomful of technology in a studio or live. Hitherto, this was solely the domain of artists the likes of Kraftwerk, whose arsenal of electronic instruments and custom built gadgetry the rest of us could only have dreamed of, even if we could understand the logistics of their functioning. Having said this, at the time I was growing up in the 60’s & 70’s, I nevertheless had little knowledge of the complexity of work that had set a standard in previous decades to arrive at this point.

The history of electronic music owes much to Karlheinz Stockhausen (1928-2007). Stockhausen was a German Avante Garde composer and a pioneering figurehead in electronic music from the 1950’s onwards, influencing a movement that would eventually have a powerful impact upon names such as Kraftwerk, Tangerine Dream, Brain Eno, Cabaret Voltaire, Depeche Mode, not to mention the experimental work of the Beatles’ and others in the 1960’s. His face is seen on the cover of “Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band”, the Beatles’ 1967 master Opus. Let’s start, however, by traveling a little further back in time.

The Turn of the 20th Century

Time stood still for this stargazer when I originally discovered that the first documented, exclusively electronic, concerts were not in the 1970’s or 1980’s but in the 1920’s!

The first purely electronic instrument, the Theremin, which is played without touch, was invented by Russian scientist and cellist, Lev Termen (1896-1993), circa 1919.

In 1924, the Theremin made its concert debut with the Leningrad Philharmonic. Interest generated by the theremin drew audiences to concerts staged across Europe and Britain. In 1930, the prestigious Carnegie Hall in New York, experienced a performance of classical music using nothing but a series of ten theremins. Watching a number of skilled musicians playing this eerie sounding instrument by waving their hands around its antennae must have been so exhilarating, surreal and alien for a pre-tech audience!

For those interested, check out the recordings of Theremin virtuoso Clara Rockmore (1911-1998). Lithuanian born Rockmore (Reisenberg) worked with its inventor in New York to perfect the instrument during its early years and became its most acclaimed, brilliant and recognized performer and representative throughout her life.

In retrospect Clara, was the first celebrated ‘star’ of genuine electronic music. You are unlikely to find more eerie, yet beautiful performances of classical music on the Theremin. She’s definitely a favorite of mine!

Electronic Music in Sci-Fi, Cinema and Television

Unfortunately, and due mainly to difficulty in skill mastering, the Theremin’s future as a musical instrument was short lived. Eventually, it found a niche in 1950’s Sci-Fi films. The 1951 cinema classic “The Day the Earth Stood Still”, with a soundtrack by influential American film music composer Bernard Hermann (known for Alfred Hitchcock’s “Psycho”, etc.), is rich with an ‘extraterrestrial’ score using two Theremins and other electronic devices melded with acoustic instrumentation.

Using the vacuum-tube oscillator technology of the Theremin, French cellist and radio telegraphist, Maurice Martenot (1898-1980), began developing the Ondes Martenot (in French, known as the Martenot Wave) in 1928.

Employing a standard and familiar keyboard which could be more easily mastered by a musician, Martenot’s instrument succeeded where the Theremin failed in being user-friendly. In fact, it became the first successful electronic instrument to be used by composers and orchestras of its period until the present day.

It is featured on the theme to the original 1960’s TV series “Star Trek”, and can be heard on contemporary recordings by the likes of Radiohead and Brian Ferry.

The expressive multi-timbral Ondes Martenot, although monophonic, is the closest instrument of its generation I have heard which approaches the sound of modern synthesis.

“Forbidden Planet”, released in 1956, was the first major commercial studio film to feature an exclusively electronic soundtrack… aside from introducing Robbie the Robot and the stunning Anne Francis! The ground-breaking score was produced by husband and wife team Louis and Bebe Barron who, in the late 1940’s, established the first privately owned recording studio in the USA recording electronic experimental artists such as the iconic John Cage (whose own Avante Garde work challenged the definition of music itself!).

The Barrons are generally credited for having widening the application of electronic music in cinema. A soldering iron in one hand, Louis built circuitry which he manipulated to create a plethora of bizarre, ‘unearthly’ effects and motifs for the movie. Once performed, these sounds could not be replicated as the circuit would purposely overload, smoke and burn out to produce the desired sound result.

Consequently, they were all recorded to tape and Bebe sifted through hours of reels edited what was deemed usable, then re-manipulated these with delay and reverberation and creatively dubbed the end product using multiple tape decks.

In addition to this laborious work method, I feel compelled to include that which is, arguably, the most enduring and influential electronic Television signature ever: the theme to the long running 1963 British Sci-Fi adventure series, “Dr. Who”. It was the first time a Television series featured a solely electronic theme. The theme to “Dr. Who” was created at the legendary BBC Radiophonic Workshop using tape loops and test oscillators to run through effects, record these to tape, then were re-manipulated and edited by another Electro pioneer, Delia Derbyshire, interpreting the composition of Ron Grainer.

As you can see, electronic music’s prevalent usage in vintage Sci-Fi was the principle source of the general public’s perception of this music as being ‘other worldly’ and ‘alien-bizarre sounding’. This remained the case till at least 1968 with the release of the hit album “Switched-On Bach” performed entirely on a Moog modular synthesizer by Walter Carlos (who, with a few surgical nips and tucks, subsequently became Wendy Carlos).

The 1970’s expanded electronic music’s profile with the break through of bands like Kraftwerk and Tangerine Dream, and especially the 1980’s when it found more mainstream acceptance.

The Mid 1900’s: Musique Concrete

In its development through the 1900’s, electronic music was not solely confined to electronic circuitry being manipulated to produce sound. Back in the 1940’s, a relatively new German invention – the reel-to-reel tape recorder developed in the 1930’s – became the subject of interest to a number of Avante Garde European composers, most notably the French radio broadcaster and composer Pierre Schaeffer (1910-1995) who developed a montage technique he called Musique Concrete.

Musique Concrete (meaning ‘real world’ existing sounds as opposed to artificial or acoustic ones produced by musical instruments) broadly involved the splicing together of recorded segments of tape containing ‘found’ sounds – natural, environmental, industrial and human – and manipulating these with effects such as delay, reverb, distortion, speeding up or slowing down of tape-speed (varispeed), reversing, etc.

Stockhausen actually held concerts utilizing his Musique Concrete works as backing tapes (by this stage electronic as well as ‘real world’ sounds were used on the recordings) on top of which live instruments would be performed by classical players responding to the mood and motifs they were hearing!

Musique Concrete had a wide impact not only on Avante Garde and effects libraries, but also on the contemporary music of the 1960’s and 1970’s. Important works to check are the Beatles’ use of this method in ground-breaking tracks like ‘Tomorrow Never Knows’, ‘Revolution No. 9’ and ‘Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite’, as well as Pink Floyd albums “Umma Gumma”, “Dark Side of the Moon” and Frank Zappa’s “Lumpy Gravy”. All used tape cut-ups and home-made tape loops often fed live into the main mixdown.

Today this can be performed with simplicity using digital sampling, but yesterday’s heroes labored hours, days and even weeks to perhaps complete a four minute piece! For those of us who are contemporary musicians, understanding the history of electronic music helps in appreciating the quantum leap technology has taken in the recent period. But these early innovators, these pioneers – of which there are many more down the line – and the important figures they influenced that came before us, created the revolutionary groundwork that has become our electronic musical heritage today and for this I pay them homage!

1950’s: The First Computer and Synth Play Music

Moving forward a few years to 1957 and enter the first computer into the electronic mix. As you can imagine, it wasn’t exactly a portable laptop device but consumed a whole room and user friendly wasn’t even a concept. Nonetheless creative people kept pushing the boundaries. One of these was Max Mathews (1926 -) from Bell Telephone Laboratories, New Jersey, who developed Music 1, the original music program for computers upon which all subsequent digital synthesis has its roots based. Mathews, dubbed the ‘Father of Computer Music’, using a digital IBM Mainframe, was the first to synthesize music on a computer.

In the climax of Stanley Kubrik’s 1968 movie ‘2001: A Space Odyssey’, use is made of a 1961 Mathews’ electronic rendition of the late 1800’s song ‘Daisy Bell’. Here the musical accompaniment is performed by his programmed mainframe together with a computer-synthesized human ‘singing’ voice technique pioneered in the early 60’s. In the movie, as HAL the computer regresses, ‘he’ reverts to this song, an homage to ‘his’ own origins.

1957 also witnessed the first advanced synth, the RCA Mk II Sound Synthesizer (an improvement on the 1955 original). It also featured an electronic sequencer to program music performance playback. This massive RCA Synth was installed, and still remains, at the Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center, New York, where the legendary Robert Moog worked for a while. Universities and Tech laboratories were the main home for synth and computer music experimentation in that early era.

1960’s: The Dawning of The Age of Moog

The logistics and complexity of composing and even having access to what were, until then, musician unfriendly synthesizers, led to a demand for more portable playable instruments. One of the first to respond, and definitely the most successful, was Robert Moog (1934-2005). His playable synth employed the familiar piano style keyboard.

Moog’s bulky telephone-operators’ cable plug-in type of modular synth was not one to be transported and set up with any amount of ease or speed! But it received an enormous boost in popularity with the success of Walter Carlos, as previously mentioned, in 1968. His LP (Long Player) best seller record “Switched-On Bach” was unprecedented because it was the first time an album appeared of fully synthesized music, as opposed to experimental sound pieces.

The album was a complex classical music performance with various multi-tracks and overdubs necessary, as the synthesizer was only monophonic! Carlos also created the electronic score for “A Clockwork Orange”, Stanley Kubrik’s disturbing 1972 futuristic film.

From this point, the Moog synth is prevalent on a number of late 1960’s contemporary albums. In 1967 the Monkees’ “Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn & Jones Ltd” became the first commercial pop album release to feature the modular Moog. In fact, singer/drummer Mickey Dolenz purchased one of the very first units sold.

It wasn’t until the early 1970’s, however, when the first Minimoog appeared that interest seriously developed amongst musicians. This portable little unit with a fat sound had a significant impact becoming part of live music kit for many touring musicians for years to come. Other companies such as Sequential Circuits, Roland and Korg began producing their own synths, giving birth to a music subculture.

I cannot close the chapter on the 1960’s, however, without reference to the Mellotron. This electronic-mechanical instrument is often viewed as the primitive precursor to the modern digital sampler.

Developed in early 1960’s Britain and based on the Chamberlin (a cumbersome US-designed instrument from the previous decade), the Mellotron keyboard triggered pre-recorded tapes, each key corresponding to the equivalent note and pitch of the pre-loaded acoustic instrument.

The Mellotron is legendary for its use on the Beatles’ 1966 song ‘Strawberry Fields Forever’. A flute tape-bank is used on the haunting introduction played by Paul McCartney.

The instrument’s popularity burgeoned and was used on many recordings of the era such as the immensely successful Moody Blues epic ‘Nights in White Satin’. The 1970’s saw it adopted more and more by progressive rock bands. Electronic pioneers Tangerine Dream featured it on their early albums.

With time and further advances in microchip technology though, this charming instrument became a relic of its period.

1970’s: The Birth of Vintage Electronic Bands

The early fluid albums of Tangerine Dream such as “Phaedra” from 1974 and Brian Eno’s work with his self-coined ‘ambient music’ and on David Bowie’s “Heroes” album, further drew interest in the synthesizer from both musicians and audience.

Kraftwerk, whose 1974 seminal album “Autobahn” achieved international commercial success, took the medium even further adding precision, pulsating electronic beats and rhythms and sublime synth melodies. Their minimalism suggested a cold, industrial and computerized-urban world. They often utilized vocoders and speech synthesis devices such as the gorgeously robotic ‘Speak and Spell’ voice emulator, the latter being a children’s learning aid!

While inspired by the experimental electronic works of Stockhausen, as artists, Kraftwerk were the first to successfully combine all the elements of electronically generated music and noise and produce an easily recognizable song format. The addition of vocals in many of their songs, both in their native German tongue and English, helped earn them universal acclaim becoming one of the most influential contemporary music pioneers and performers of the past half-century.

Kraftwerk’s 1978 gem ‘Das Modell’ hit the UK number one spot with a reissued English language version, ‘The Model’, in February 1982, making it one of the earliest Electro chart toppers!

Ironically, though, it took a movement that had no association with EM (Electronic Music) to facilitate its broader mainstream acceptance. The mid 1970’s punk movement, primarily in Britain, brought with it a unique new attitude: one that gave priority to self-expression rather than performance dexterity and formal training, as embodied by contemporary progressive rock musicians. The initial aggression of metallic punk transformed into a less abrasive form during the late 1970’s: New Wave. This, mixed with the comparative affordability of many small, easy to use synthesizers, led to the commercial synth explosion of the early 1980’s.

A new generation of young people began to explore the potential of these instruments and began to create soundscapes challenging the prevailing perspective of contemporary music. This didn’t arrive without battle scars though. The music industry establishment, especially in its media, often derided this new form of expression and presentation and was anxious to consign it to the dustbin of history.

1980’s: The First Golden Era of Electronic Music for the Masses

Gary Numan became arguably the first commercial synth megastar with the 1979 “Tubeway Army” hit ‘Are Friends Electric?’. The Sci-Fi element is not too far away once again. Some of the imagery is drawn from the Science Fiction classic, “Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?”. The 1982 hit film “Blade Runner” was also based on the same book.

Although ‘Are Friends Electric?’ featured conventional drum and bass backing, its dominant use of Polymoogs gives the song its very distinctive sound. The recording was the first synth-based release to achieve number one chart status in the UK during the post-punk years and helped usher in a new genre. No longer was electronic and/or synthesizer music consigned to the mainstream sidelines. Exciting!

Further developments in affordable electronic technology placed electronic squarely in the hands of young creators and began to transform professional studios.

Designed in Australia in 1978, the Fairlight Sampler CMI became the first commercially available polyphonic digital sampling instrument but its prohibitive cost saw it solely in use by the likes of Trevor Horn, Stevie Wonder and Peter Gabriel. By mid-decade, however, smaller, cheaper instruments entered the market such as the ubiquitous Akai and Emulator Samplers often used by musicians live to replicate their studio-recorded sounds. The Sampler revolutionized the production of music from this point on.

In most major markets, with the qualified exception of the US, the early 1980’s was commercially drawn to electro-influenced artists. This was an exciting era for many of us, myself included. I know I wasn’t alone in closeting the distorted guitar and amps and immersing myself into a new universe of musical expression – a sound world of the abstract and non traditional.

At home, Australian synth based bands Real Life (‘Send Me An Angel’, “Heartland” album), Icehouse (‘Hey Little Girl’) and Pseudo Echo (‘Funky Town’) began to chart internationally, and more experimental electronic outfits like Severed Heads and SPK also developed cult followings overseas.

But by mid-decade the first global electronic wave lost its momentum amidst resistance fomented by an unrelenting old school music media. Most of the artists that began the decade as predominantly electro-based either disintegrated or heavily hybrid their sound with traditional rock instrumentation.

The USA, the largest world market in every sense, remained in the conservative music wings for much of the 1980’s. Although synth-based records did hit the American charts, the first being Human League’s 1982 US chart topper ‘Don’t You Want Me Baby?’, on the whole it was to be a few more years before the American mainstream embraced electronic music, at which point it consolidated itself as a dominant genre for musicians and audiences alike, worldwide.

1988 was somewhat of a watershed year for electronic music in the US. Often maligned in the press in their early years, it was Depeche Mode that unintentionally – and mostly unaware – spearheaded this new assault. From cult status in America for much of the decade, their new high-play rotation on what was now termed Modern Rock radio resulted in mega stadium performances. An Electro act playing sold out arenas was not common fare in the USA at that time!

In 1990, fan pandemonium in New York to greet the members at a central record shop made TV news, and their “Violator” album outselling Madonna and Prince in the same year made them a US household name. Electronic music was here to stay, without a doubt!

1990’s Onward: The Second Golden Era of Electronic Music for the Masses

Before our ‘star music’ secured its hold on the US mainstream, and while it was losing commercial ground elsewhere throughout much of the mid 1980’s, Detroit and Chicago became unassuming laboratories for an explosion of Electronic Music which would see out much of the 1990’s and onwards. Enter Techno and House.

Detroit in the 1980’s, a post-Fordism US industrial wasteland, produced the harder European influenced Techno. In the early to mid 80’s, Detroiter Juan Atkins, an obsessive Kraftwerk fan, together with Derrick May and Kevin Saunderson – using primitive, often borrowed equipment – formed the backbone of what would become, together with House, the predominant music club-culture throughout the world. Heavily referenced artists that informed early Techno development were European pioneers such as the aforementioned Kraftwerk, as well as Yello and British Electro acts the likes of Depeche Mode, Human League, Heaven 17, New Order and Cabaret Voltaire.

Chicago, a four-hour drive away, simultaneously saw the development of House. The name is generally considered to be derived from “The Warehouse” where various DJ-Producers featured this new music amalgam. House has its roots in 1970’s disco and, unlike Techno, usually has some form of vocal. I think Giorgio Moroder’s work in the mid 70’s with Donna Summer, especially the song ‘I Feel Love’, is pivotal in appreciating the 70’s disco influences upon burgeoning Chicago House.

A myriad of variants and sub genres have developed since – crossing the Atlantic, reworked and back again – but in many ways the popular success of these two core forms revitalized the entire Electronic landscape and its associated social culture. Techno and House helped to profoundly challenge mainstream and Alternative Rock as the preferred listening choice for a new generation: a generation who has grown up with electronic music and accepts it as a given. For them, it is music that has always been.

The history of electronic music continues to be written as technology advances and people’s expectations of where music can go continues to push it forward, increasing its vocabulary and lexicon.

Covering Up Age Spots with a New Foundation

As I get older, I’ve noticed how much my skin is changing. I now have some age spots that seemed to have appeared overnight. A friend of mine told me about Dermacol foundation which is a makeup cover that has been around since 1966. The stars in Hollywood have been using it since 1969 for a flawless skin appearance. I must say that I’m very intrigued with this concept and really want to look further into it to see if it is a viable option for me.

I went to the Dermacol website to see what all I could find out about this makeup foundation that has been around for decades. (more…)

How to Protect Your Songs – Protect Your Music Copyright Tips

If you want to know how to protect your rap song lyrics, then read this. You will discover how to protect your music copyright.

This article will give 4 different ways that you can protect your rap song lyrics. You can protect your song by signing and dating, by enforcing your legal ownership, by notarizing your work and by using the Post Office. We will discuss each tip so that can decide how to protect your rap song lyrics.

Tip 1 – Protect Your Song By Signing And Dating

A copyright actually comes in two parts. As soon as you take a blank piece of paper and write down your songs, your notes or your lyrics, put your signature and the date on the paper, then you automatically have a legal copyright of your work. Your work is now protected.

Tip 2 – Protect Your Song By Enforcing Your Legal Copyright

However, even though it is protected, it is important for you to go one step further if you want to enforce your rights. To actually enforce your rights, then you must register your copyright with the U.S. Copyright Office. When you actually go through the process of registering your song, you now have a witness to the fact that the song is really yours.

Tip 3 – Protect Your Song By Notarizing Your Work

There is another way to have your work legitimized or to show that the work belongs to you, and that is to have your songs notarized. When you have it notarized, a notary republic will place their seal, sign it and then date their work. This will give you two government authorizations that will act as a witness of your onwership claim.

Tip 4 – Protect Your Song By Using The Post Office

If you want to use one more government authorization, you can use the U.S. Post Office. If you notarize your work, put it in an envelope and then mail it to yourself. Once you receive the envelope back, don’t open it, but put it the envelope in the safe deposit box. This will serve as a witness of when you wrote the song. The official U.S. Post Office postmark will indicate the date it was written.

For more protect your music copyright tips, continue to read below.